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Invisible Music - Folk Songs That Influenced Angela Carter (2021)

by Polly Paulusma

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Jack Munro 04:47
Lucy Wan 03:33
Reynardine 03:56


‘Invisible Music’, a collection of traditional folk songs that influenced novelist Angela Carter, gracefully recrafted by Polly Paulusma, will be released by One Little Independent subsidiary Wild Sound Recordings. Also included are an array of readings by Paulusma as well as guests Kathryn Williams and Kirsty Logan.

This epic assortment explores a multitude of lyrical themes from long past, most of which describe in grizzly detail dramatic loss, love, incest, abduction, war and death. Having discovered that Carter either sang or knew these songs, reframing these ballads became important to Paulusma — songs such as ‘The Maid and The Palmer’ which depicts a survivor of child abuse, or ‘Jack Munro’ which bears witness to the wartime antics of a cross-dressing heroine whose bold challenges to society bring her out on top, or ‘Lucy Wan’ where we’re privy to a brutal slaying of a young woman whose brother is never held accountable. Paulusma could feel the presence of these songs in Carter’s writing, but she needed to climb inside them and sing them herself to truly understand their power. Across the entirety of this LP we’re given the chance to view forgotten historical tragedies through a fresh lens, and through proximity to readings from Carter’s prose, to see the interplay between these old songs and Carter’s contemporary writing. Through Carter, Paulusma brings us the heroines she was influenced by, restoring historical narratives of female agency which are in danger of being lost.

The spoken word pieces from across Carter’s oeuvre, read beautifully, emphasise the musical turn of Carter’s phrase, and serve as an accompaniment and interlude to the dark folk songs. The album as a whole is littered with unique and alluring musicality, with Paulusma delving deep into interesting guitar techniques and odd tunings, supported and enhanced by the sweet fiddle melodies of Jed Bevington (Mortal Tides), the haunting accompanying guitar movements of Jack Harris, and the elastic double bass of John Parker (Nizlopi, Ward & Parker, The Willows).

These tracks were reworked by Paulusma with help from an Artist Bursary from the English Folk Dance and Song Society (EFDSS) and recorded with help from a Music Award from the University of East Anglia Music Centre.

Back in 2003, tucked away in her garden shed, Paulusma was putting the finishing touches to her self-produced debut, recorded on a home computer with one microphone and a budget the size of a postage stamp. ‘Scissors In My Pocket’, a work of aching acoustic tenderness, was the result, and it received immediate and widespread critical acclaim upon its international release on One Little Independent in 2004.

Paulusma was catapulted around the world supporting Bob Dylan, Jamie Cullum, The Divine Comedy and Marianne Faithfull, and played Glastonbury, T in the Park, V Festival and Cambridge Folk Festival among many others, touring the USA and Italy. She signed to Sony/ATV in LA, and opened for Coldplay at their secret show at The Troubadour in West Hollywood. Paulusma made a sibling album for ‘Scissors…’ called ‘Cosmic Rosy Spine Kites’ (an anagram) — all the same songs, but different versions — which was released in 2005.

In 2007, after a series of miscarriages, Paulusma released a darker and more driving, deeply personal second album ‘Fingers & Thumbs’, produced by Ken Nelson (Coldplay, Gomez, Badly Drawn Boy, Kings of Convenience) and recorded in Liverpool’s Parr Street studios. She toured the UK extensively and made cult Youtube Guitar Shop videos along the way. Its acoustic variant album ‘Fights and Numbers’ came out in 2008.

In 2012 Paulusma founded the Wild Sound folk label, releasing ‘Leaves from the Family Tree’, which includes collaborations with Sherlock composer Michael Price, Adem (Fridge) and US folk songwriter Erin McKeown, and its own sibling ‘The Small Feat Of My Reverie’. Wild Sound subsequently released albums of notable acoustic folk artists Maz O’Connor, Dan Wilde, Mortal Tides, Harry Harris, Stylusboy, and Matthew The Oxx. In 2017 the label became a folk imprint at One Little Independent.

Paulusma began teaching Cambridge English undergraduates in 2013; in 2015, she was awarded an EFDSS Artist Bursary followed by a full award for a PhD, from which her eighth and newest album, ‘Invisible Music’ — folk songs that influenced Angela Carter’ stems. This album presents in sound Paulusma's theories about the complex inter-relationships between music and literature. Her ninth album, ‘The Pivot On Which Everything Turns’, will present the wealth of songwriting since 2012. Slated for release in 2022, ‘Pivot’ includes notable songwriting collaborations with Kathryn Williams, Astrid Williamson, David Ford and Danny George Wilson.


released April 23, 2021

Produced and engineered by Polly Paulusma in the shed
Mixed and mastered by James Hawkins
All songs written by Anon. with some creative tinkering by Polly Paulusma
Developed with help from an Artist Bursary from the English Folk Dance and Song Society (EFDSS)
Recorded with help from a Music Award from the University of East Anglia Music Centre

Polly Paulusma: reading voice, vocals, dulcimer, guitars, mandolin, keys.
Jed Bevington: violin
Jack Harris: acoustic and electric guitars
John Parker: double bass
Kirsty Logan: reading voice
Kathryn Williams: reading voice

Prose extracts from Angela Carter’s works reproduced by kind permission of the Angela Carter Estate c/o Rogers, Coleridge & White Ltd., 20 Powis Mews, London W11 1JN

Original artwork reproduced by kind permission of Christine Molan. C Christine Molan 2016

Design by Pete Manley -


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Polly Paulusma Cambridge, UK

In 2004 Paulusma released shed-recorded debut 'Scissors In My Pocket' to worldwide acclaim, supporting Bob Dylan and Jamie Cullum. In 2012 she founded label Wild Sound and released ‘Leaves from the Family Tree'. A PhD and 2 kids later, ‘Invisible Music: folk songs that influenced Angela Carter’ secured folk fans in 2021. 'The Pivot On Which The World Turns', landed in 2022. ... more


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